Frog Diseases: Fungal Infections

One of the most commonly acquired diseases by frogs is fungal infection. The infections they acquire from stress or injury only come secondary. This can be attributed to their naturally moist environment as well as their habitat.

Fungal infections typically appear as white cotton-like tissues in thin tough materials that originate from the wound or an area where there was a previous injury. It also shows as an inflammation or a reddening on the said part of the skin. Other symptoms are lesions, skin sores and abnormal changes in skin color—not counting hormonal imbalances.

The most common infections are caused by these fungi. All of which come from various genera. They are as follows:

Fungal infections can be treated aptly if found at an early stage or as long as there is not yet too much of it attacking the amphibian. However, the underlying cause of the said diseases must be thoroughly considered, and it should be clearly defined and outlined after treatment as fungal infections tend to recur over a period of time. Your first option for treatment:

If a vet is not available, some of the following treatments could be options

Particularly vulnerable to fungal infections are African Frogs. For this reason, they must be observed daily, keeping an eye on their tank and the quality of water they remain in. One way to do that is to feed them by hand in order to feel the frog’s skin and evaluate the water quality and temperature. African Frogs are more sensitive to medications than other types of amphibians and fish.

Sierran frogs are also one of the amphibians severely affected. The population of these mountain yellow-legged frogs had declined over the last five years because of lethal fungal infections. They have been allowed to recover but Sierran waters have already been harshly affected by fungi and recently become pathogenic. Researchers reported that this is due to the rise of industries that contaminated the air. Because frogs breathe thru the skin and fungi grows in the skin, they caused asphyxiation or difficulty in breathing—at some point, even death.

Frog populations have been on the edge because of fungal infections. Hundreds of frogs are found dead because of their inability to fight the said and aforementioned infections. Some frog species have even become extinct with its inability to fight off the fungi. Amphibians play an important part of ecological balance and this is the reason why the loss of their species caused an alarm throughout the world.

It is not yet known how exactly and specifically fungal infections are transmitted from one local area to another. However, it is a known fact that it is responsible for the drop of frog mortality rates in many states all over the world. Fungal infections are often considered minor infections in other vertebrates, but researchers discovered that they are completely responsible for large amphibian die-offs. Compared to other species, frogs don’t have a very resistant immune system apt enough to fight off fungal infections.

Until now, fungal infections are considered to be the prime suspect in the decline of amphibians’ population. With no developments in scientific researches just yet, fungal infections shall remain to be lethal in status quo.