coqui in puerto rico

Native to the island of Puerto Rico , the Coqui Frog is the official animal of Puerto Rico and its presence is felt (and heard) throughout the island. The Coqui belongs to the eleutherodactylus genus, which is greek for "free toes". Coquis are grayish in color and are very small frogs. Fully grown male coquis are an average 34mm long, while females are usually around 41mm.

The Coqui has been introduced by man to other parts of the world, including Hawaii, Mexico, Florida, Louisiana, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. An absence of predators in Hawaii has created population problems and has led to government control initiatives.

Coqui frogs generally exist only in nature and are not commonly kept as a domestic pet.

Sounds of the Coqui

The frog was named for its "ko-KEE ko-KEE" call which is heard at night when the frog is most active. The popular sound is made by the male Coqui, singing from dusk until dawn. The "ko-kee" call is believed to serve two purposes: maintaining territorial ownership over other males (the "ko" sound) and attracting female mates (the "kee" sound).

Listen to the musical coqui:


When a female frog lays fertilized eggs (often on a leaf or abandoned bird's nest), she is immediately chased away by the male. The male then faithfully protects the eggs from the elements and predators throughout the incubation period. When hatched, coquis differ from most types of frogs in that they immediately resemble adult frogs rather than tadpoles.

Habitat and Diet

Although coqui frogs are frequently found high in trees, they are known to live in a variety of places. They sometimes live under logs, in caves, or even under trash. They prefer to live in areas with some moisture, preferably over 1000 mm of rainfall annually.

While young coquis feed primarily on ants and smaller insects, adult coquis are known to dine on crickets, moths, and spiders.

More Information

Check out the following links for additional information on the Coqui.